[Author: Dr. Prasad Gokhale, an international Ayurveda Physician and Panchakarma expert. Medical Translator for Russian,Japanese, German and Spanish. Contact: https://www.facebook.com/prasad.gokhale.988373]
Today’s environment is more polluted as compared to earlier. The numbers of microbes in the air range from 10 to 10,000 per cubic meter. Air around us can get contaminated by such pathogens, which in turn results in many infectious diseases. Hence there is need of sterilisation techniques which are closer to nature, safe, effective and have less side effects.
The term dhoopan means the action or process of disinfection or purification with the fumes (fumigation). It is used for disinfection of rooms and environment. Drugs of herbal, herbo-mineral containing volatile and antimicrobial constituents are used as single or in combination.
In ayurvedic text called Charaka samhita, various clothes fumigation using medicated smoke are mentioned. In another text Sushrut samhita, formula of fumigation is given. There are around 40 different types of dhoopana in lesson Dhoopkalpa. In Sushrut samhita, ayurvedic herbal air purification or fumigation techniques are recommended using herbs like Bhimseni kapur, raal, guggul, ghee, dried cow dung etc. Neem leaves can also be added accordingly.
According to many modern researchers, there are various benefits. Fumigation especially in evening time works as anti-microbial , anti-bacterial and anti-fungal in our surroundings. it also helps in control of pests, rodents and insects, and prevents from the diseases spread by these agents.
Process of dhoopan: As far as possible take available ingredients and burn it on hot pan or in a broad vessel. Expose yourself to the fumes coming out of it. We can blow air on it, so the fumes generated can be spread in whole room. Fumigate one room at one time. Close it for 30 min.
Avoid this procedure if someone in home is suffering from sinusitis, allergic reactions etc.
Home remedies using dhoopan
- Take powders of organic turmeric, neem and pour one tablespoon of ghee.
- Take powders of organic turmeric, dried lemon grass powder (2 pinch only), cinnamon, cardamom, clove and mix together on thin cotton cloth dipped in little of ghee.
- Other ingredients that can be used in dhoopan are Guggul, Khas (vetiver), Vacha or vekhand (sweet flag), Neem, Salai guggal, Devadaru, loban dhoop
- Studies have shown that Nimba Dhoopana has shown to be effective towards Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenus.